Recycling of waste is a major thrust area for decreasing environmental pollution. Disposed cigarette butts, a common waste material in our livelihood consisting of the cigarette filters, are toxic to aquatic life and degrade soil porosity. We report a simple process to prepare a conducting material by heat treatment of these used cigarette filters, which are composed largely of cellulose acetate. As they are non-biodegradable they therefore pose a serious threat to the environment after disposal. In keeping with the concept of recycled renewable resources, using the process of heat treatment (in Muffle furnane), we have prepared an active material from used cigarette filters. The pyrolyzed product is characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopic analysis, field emission scanning electron microscopy, ultra-violet visible spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering and zeta potential measurements. The electrical characteristics of the product have been measured to check its electrochemical behavior and results are found to be promising for further application as electronic materials.