Surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based differential phase analysis has been presented. Real as well as complex plane analysis of resonance parameters have been undertaken for the optimum selection of metal thicknesses in a bimetallic SPR configuration working under both angular and spectral regime. Theoretically, we can characterize the aqueous solution in terms of this differential phase variation due to the variation of sample parameters such as concentration and temperature. In this respect, two case studies, namely, concentration of hemoglobin in human blood and sensing of temperature of water have been demonstrated and proposed theoretically. By monitoring the change of differential phase, proposed approach leads to a very sensitive measurement of concentration and temperature. © 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York.