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The usefulness of GLONASS for positioning in the presence of GPS in the Indian subcontinent
Published in -
Volume: 55
Issue: 3
Pages: 463 - 475
The effort to integrate the use of GPS and GLONASS constellations resulted in the production of a special receiver, which can use both constellations in combination. These receivers may be used in GPS only mode, GLONASS mode and combined (both GPS and GLONASS) mode. Utilising this type of receiver, GPS and GLONASS signals were monitored for one calendar year simultaneously in different places in India to study the status of visibility of satellites and the positioning accuracy. The number of satellites in GLONASS constellation gradually depleted from 16 to 7 during the course of this study. So a 3-D solution was rarely possible using only GLONASS satellites. However, appreciable improvement in PDOP was observed in the combined mode. Before the withdrawal of GPS Selective Availability (SA), significant improvement of position accuracy could be observed in the combined mode. After the removal of GPS-SA, the accuracies of the combined mode and that of GPS-only mode have been found to be of the same order. While this does not apparently reflect any advantage, it indirectly confirms that both the GPS and the GLONASS systems have similar limits of accuracy and also confirms that optimal interoperability of two systems has been achieved. These studies reveal that the combined use of GLONASS and GPS will always be beneficial to a varying degree depending on different applications and circumstances.
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JournalJournal of Navigation