Acute i.p. administration of lanthanum chloride to newborn chicks at a single dose of 250 mg/kg body weight causes inhibition of the high affinity uptake of [14C]glutamate by isolated brain synaptosomes. There is also a marked decrease in the release of preloaded [14C]glutamate from brain synaptosomes in the presence of externally available Ca2+ (1.2 mM) or a high K+ concentration (71 mM). The inhibition of glutamate release has been discussed in relation to depletion of Ca2+ binding to the synaptosomal membrane under lanthanum intoxication. © 1984.