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The effect of MgO and Cr2O3 on mullite formation from Nigeria sourced kaolin-calcined alumina sintered compacts
Published in Institute of Physics Publishing
Volume: 509
Issue: 1
Mullite being one of the most important aluminosilicate materials has a lot of unique properties and industrial applications. Hence the need to produce via cheap and available starting materials is paramount. In this present study, mullite was synthesized from sintering of Nigerian sourced kaolin-alumina (high purity from Almatis) after reacting samples have been mixed in a high speed ball milling machine in the presence of MgO and Cr2O3 additives. The samples were uniaxially pressed in a mould to form compact and sintered at temperature of 1400-1600°C. Bulk density, apparent porosity, and modulus of rupture were investigated as a function of sintering temperature and presence of dopant. Microstructural studies using scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies were carried out on the kaolin-alumina sintered compacts. Results from the study indicate that mullite was successfully synthesized, as XRD pattern showed the presence of mullite as major phases at 1600°C without any trace of cristobalite (unreacted silica) or quartz. SEM studies showed the presence of needle-shaped mullite. The doped samples showed little improvement in the physico-mechanical properties of the aggregate. However, the degree of mullitisation for the doped samples at 1600°C far exceeds that of the undoped samples. Cr2O3 doped has 94.48% mullitisation while MgO has 79.96% mullitisation. The undoped sample has 59.19% degree of mullitisation. MgO doped was better densified. © 2019 Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.
About the journal
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
PublisherInstitute of Physics Publishing
Open AccessYes