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The chaos and control of a food chain model supplying additional food to top-predator
Volume: 58
Pages: 52 - 64
The control and management of chaotic population is one of the main objectives for constructing mathematical model in ecology today. In this paper, we apply a technique of controlling chaotic predator-prey population dynamics by supplying additional food to top-predator. We formulate a three species predator-prey model supplying additional food to top-predator. Existence conditions and local stability criteria of equilibrium points are determined analytically. Persistence conditions for the system are derived. Global stability conditions of interior equilibrium point is calculated. Theoretical results are verified through numerical simulations. Phase diagram is presented for various quality and quantity of additional food. One parameter bifurcation analysis is done with respect to quality and quantity of additional food separately keeping one of them fixed. Using MATCONT package, we derive the bifurcation scenarios when both the parameters quality and quantity of additional food vary together. We predict the existence of Hopf point (H), limit point (LP) and branch point (BP) in the model for suitable supply of additional food. We have computed the regions of different dynamical behaviour in the quantity-quality parametric plane. From our study we conclude that chaotic population dynamics of predator prey system can be controlled to obtain regular population dynamics only by supplying additional food to top predator. This study is aimed to introduce a new non-chemical chaos control mechanism in a predator-prey system with the applications in fishery management and biological conservation of prey predator species. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetChaos, Solitons and Fractals
PublisherData powered by TypesetPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Open AccessNo