Header menu link for other important links
X
Stigma of sexual violence and women's decision to work
T CHAKRABORTY, , S R RACHAPALLI, S SAHA
Published in Elsevier Ltd
2018
Volume: 103
   
Pages: 226 - 238
Abstract
Our study is motivated by two disturbing evidences concerning women in India. On one hand, crime against women is on the rise while on the other, women's labor force participation rate (WLFPR) has been declining over the last three decades. We estimate the extent to which the decline in WLFPR can be assigned to increasing instances of crime against women. We argue that an increase in crime against women, increases the non-pecuniary costs of traveling to work, particularly in a traditional society marked by stigma against victims of sexual crimes. Our findings suggest that women are less likely to work away from home in regions where the perceived threat of sexual harassment against girls is higher. The estimate is robust to various sensitivity checks. Moreover, the deterrence effect of crime responds to the opportunity cost of work on one hand and the stigma cost of sexual crimes on the other. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetWorld Development
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier Ltd
ISSN0305-750X
Open AccessNo