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Spectroscopy of an intrinsic fluorophore in animal and plant milk for potential identification of their quality
L. Roy, A. Halder, S. Singh, J. Patwari, P. Singh, , S. Mondal, S.K. Pal
Published in Elsevier Inc.
PMID: 31785872
Volume: 103
Issue: 2
Pages: 1366 - 1376
Riboflavin (RF), commonly known as vitamin B2, is an essential ingredient in any milk variety of animal origin. The photophysics of the molecule RF, including its interaction with biological macromolecules, are well studied. Here, we have investigated the possibility of the molecule as a potential biomarker of milk quality. We also found omnipresence of this molecule in milk of plant origin (soy milk). Spectroscopic studies on various animal and plant milks of different commercial origins confirmed the potential of RF for use in identifying the quality of the milk varieties. Our developed strategy involved identification or spectroscopic signature of RF by measuring optical density at 365 nm (quality factor 1) and fluorescence intensity around 520 nm (excitation at 365 nm; quality factor 2) on a very small amount of whole milk (10 µL). We also developed a prototype device called Mil-Q-Way to be used in the real field. The required interfacing software in the LabView platform was also developed. A 2-parameter plot (quality factor 1 on the x-axis and quality factor 2 on the y-axis) called the Mil-Q-Way plot clearly differentiates the quality of milks of different commercial origins. The low-cost device based on simple spectroscopy was shown to screen for the presence of harmful adulterants in drinkable milk. © 2020 American Dairy Science Association
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetJournal of Dairy Science
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier Inc.