Short jute fiber-reinforced polypropylene (PP) composites were prepared using a high-speed thermokinetic mixer. A compatibilizer was used to improve the molecular interaction between jute and PP. Both the percent weight fraction of the jute fiber and compatibilizer were varied to study the dynamic mechanical thermal (DMT) properties. Dynamic parameters such as storage flexural modulus (E′), loss flexural modulus (E″), storage shear modulus (G′), loss shear modulus (G″), and loss factor or damping efficiency (tan δ) were determined in a resonant frequency mode. The transition peak nature, amplitude, and temperature of E′, E″, G′, G″, and tan δ of different compositions were shown to indicate possible improvements of molecular interaction in the presence of a compatibilizer. The modulus retention term, a plot of the reduced modulus with the weight fraction of the jute fiber, also indicate its improvement. © 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.