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Reversible inactivation of yeast mitochondrial phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase under oxidative stress
Published in Elsevier B.V.
Volume: 1862
Issue: 8
Pages: 1801 - 1809
Background: Under oxidative stress cytoplasmic aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (aaRSs) substrate specificity can be compromised, leading to tRNA mischarging and mistranslation of the proteome. Whether similar processes occur in mitochondria, which are major cellular sources of reactive oxygen species (ROS), is unknown. However, relaxed substrate specificity in yeast mitochondrial phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase (ScmitPheRS) has been reported to increase tRNA mischarging and blocks mitochondrial biogenesis. Methods: Non-reducing denaturing PAGE, cysteine reactivity studies, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, enzyme assay, western blot, growth assay, circular dichroism, dynamic light scattering and fluorescence spectroscopy were used to study the effect of oxidative stress on ScmitPheRS activity. Results: ScmitPheRS is reversibly inactivated under oxidative stress. The targets for oxidative inactivation are two conserved cysteine residues resulting in reversible intra-molecular disulfide bridge formation. Replacement of either conserved cysteine residue increased viability during growth under oxidative stress. Conclusion: Formation of intra-molecular disulfide bridge under oxidative stress hinders the tRNA Phe binding of the enzyme, thus inactivating ScmitPheRS reversibly. General significance: The ScmitPheRS activity is compromised under oxidative stress due to formation of intra-molecular disulfide bridge. The sensitivity of ScmitPheRS to oxidation may provide a protective mechanism against error-prone translation under oxidative stress. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier B.V.