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Renner-Teller intersections along the collinear axes of polyatomic molecules: H2 CN as a case study
Published in -
Volume: 133
Issue: 8
The tetra-atomic C2 H2+ cation is known to form Renner-Teller-type intersections along its collinear axis. Not too long ago, we studied the nonadiabatic coupling terms (NACTs) of this molecule [G. J. Halász, J. Chem. Phys. 126, 154309 (2007)] and revealed two kinds of intersections. (i) By employing one of the hydrogens as a test particle, we revealed the fact that indeed the corresponding (angular) NACTs produce topological (Berry) phases that are equal to 2π , which is a result anticipated in the case of Renner-Teller intersections. (ii) However, to our big surprise, repeating this study when one of the atoms (in this case a hydrogen) is shifted from the collinear arrangement yields for the corresponding topological phase a value that equals π (and not 2π ). In other words, shifting (even slightly) one of the atoms from the collinear arrangement causes the intersection to change its character and become a Jahn-Teller intersection. This somewhat unexpected novel result was later further analyzed and confirmed by other groups [e.g., T. Vertesi and R. Englman, J. Phys. B 41, 025102 (2008)]. The present article is devoted to another tetra-atomic molecule, namely, the H2 CN molecule, which just like the C2 H2+ ion, is characterized by Renner-Teller intersections along its collinear axis. Indeed, we revealed the existence of Renner-Teller intersections along the collinear axis, but in contrast to the C2 H2+ case a shift of one atom from the collinear arrangement did not form Jahn-Teller intersections. What we found instead is that the noncollinear molecule was not affected by the shift and kept its Renner-Teller character. Another issue treated in this article is the extension of (the two-state) Berry (topological) phase to situations with numerous strongly interacting states. So far the relevance of the Berry phase was tested for systems characterized by two isolated interacting states, although it is defined for any number of interacting states [M. V. Berry, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 392, 45 (1984)]. We intend to show how to overcome this limitation and get a valid, fully justified definition of a Berry phase for an isolated system of any number of interacting states (as is expected). © 2010 American Institute of Physics.
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JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
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