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Regulation of key molecules of immunological synapse by T11TS immunotherapy abrogates Cryptococcus neoformans infection in rats
Omar {Sk Md} Faruk, Iman Hazra, Ankur Datta, Somnath Mondal, Saibal Moitra, Suhnrita Chaudhuri, Prasanta Das Kumar, Anjan Basu Kumar, , Swapna Chaudhuri
Published in
2020
Volume: 122
   
Pages: 207 - 221
Abstract
Cryptococcus neoformans infects and disseminates in hosts with diminished T cell responses. The immunomodulator T11TS (T11 target structure) had profound potential in glioma as well as C. neoformans infected model for disease amelioration. It is been established by our group that T11TS potentiates Calcineurin-NFAT pathway in T cells of C. neoformans infected rats. We investigated the upstream Immunological Synapse (IS) molecules that are vital for the foundation of initial signals for downstream signaling, differentiation and proliferation in T cells. Improved RANTES level in the T11TS treated groups suggests potential recruitment of T cells. Down-regulation of TCR$\alpha$$\beta$, CD3$\zeta$, CD2, CD45 and CD28 molecules by cryptococcus were boosted after T11TS therapy. Heightened expression of inhibitory molecule CTLA-4 in cryptococcosis was dampened by T11TS. The decline of MHC I, MHC II and CD80 expression on macrophages by C. neoformans were enhanced by T11TS. The dampening of positive regulators and upsurge of negative regulators of the IS during cryptococcosis was reversed with T11TS therapy resulting in enhanced clearance of fungus from the lungs as envisaged by our histological studies. This preclinical study with T11TS opens a new prospect for potential immunotherapeutic intervention against the devastating C. neoformans infection with positive aspect for the long-term solution and a safer immunotherapeutic regimen.
About the journal
JournalMolecular Immunology
ISSN18729142