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Petrogenesis of the post-collisional porphyritic granitoids from Jhalida, Chhotanagpur Gneissic Complex, eastern India
P. Roy, , S. Dutta, C. Bhattacharyya
Published in Cambridge University Press
Volume: 158
Issue: 4
Pages: 598 - 634
The Jhalida porphyritic granitoid pluton is exposed in a regional shear zone belonging to the Chhotanagpur Gneissic Complex of the Satpura Orogen (c. 1.0 Ga), regarded as the collisional suture between the South and North Indian blocks. The pluton intruded the migmatitic gneisses, metapelites, calc-silicate rocks and amphibolites belonging to the amphibolite facies. The mineral assemblage indicates the calc-alkaline nature of the granitoids. Mafic (Pl-Qz-Bt±Hbl) schists occur as xenoliths within the pluton. The granitoids are classified as alkali-calcic to alkalic, dominantly magnesian grading to ferroan, metaluminous to slightly peraluminous, and shoshonitic to ultrapotassic. Geochemically, the granitoids are enriched in large-ion lithophile elements (LILE), particularly K, and light rare earth elements (LREE), but are comparatively depleted in Nb, Ta, and heavy rare earth elements (HREE). The strong negative correlation between SiO2 and P2O5, metaluminous to weakly peraluminous character, high liquidus temperature (798-891°C) and high fO2 (ΔQFM +0.8 to +1.6) of the melt suggest their I-type nature. Field relations and tectonic discrimination diagrams imply their post-collisional emplacement. Low Nb/U (average 8.5), Ce/Pb (average 9.0), and Al2O3/(Al2O3 + FeO(t) + MgO + TiO2) ratios and relatively low Mg number (average 0.15) of these granitoids indicate a crustal mafic source. Batch melting (at 825-950°C) of 10-20% of an old, incompatible elements-rich high-K high-alumina hornblende granulite can generate the porphyritic granite melt. The heat source for melting was an upwelling of the asthenospheric mantle in the post-collisional set-up. Textural and chemical characteristics of the mafic xenoliths show that invading porphyritic granitoid magma metasomatized the amphibolite protoliths. © The Author(s), 2020
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JournalData powered by TypesetGeological Magazine
PublisherData powered by TypesetCambridge University Press