The partition of India along religious lines is in strange contrast to the unification trends in the U.S.A., U.S.S.R., and China. The psychology of the Muslim leaders is explained by the Oedipus situation and paranoia. Mob psychology explains their followers. Solution of the India problem requires liquidation of British imperialism; removal of religion from politics; education; and a communal form of government to replace conflict by cooperation. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved). © 1947 American Psychological Association.