Header menu link for other important links
X
Observed variability of the West India Coastal Current on the continental shelf from 2010–2017
A. Chaudhuri, P. Amol, D. Shankar, , S.G. Aparna, V. Fernando, A. Kankonkar
Published in Springer
2021
Volume: 130
   
Issue: 2
Abstract
Abstract: We describe the variability of the West India Coastal Current (WICC) during 2009–2017 using data from acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCPs) attached to moorings deployed on the outer shelf at a water-column depth of 100–200 m at three locations: off Kollam (9°N), Bhatkal (13.9°N), and Goa (15°N). Our study shows that the characteristics of the WICC on the outer shelf are similar to those observed on the slope except for the occasional decorrelation observed between them. Both shelf and slope WICC have a weak mean flow and a strong annual cycle. As seen on the slope, the depth of the undercurrent on the shelf changes with season because of the strong upward phase propagation associated with the annual cycle. Though the currents at all three shelf locations exhibit a strong seasonal cycle, there are prominent differences between the currents off the southwest coast of India (Kollam) and the central west coast of India (Bhatkal and Goa). The seasonal cycle off Kollam is often punctuated by strong intraseasonal bursts, which cause the shelf WICC off Kollam to be highly unpredictable; this unpredictability implies that on a given day of the year, one cannot expect a poleward (equatorward) current during the winter (summer) monsoon. On the central west coast, the poleward (equatorward) direction during the winter monsoon (summer monsoon) is prominent. Comparison with the available datasets shows that the WICC is occasionally coherent along and across the shelf, and the coherence is stronger for the seasonal cycle. Research highlights: 1.Characteristics of the WICC on the outer shelf are similar to those observed on the slope.2.Shelf WICC has a weak mean flow and a strong annual cycle.3.Differences observed between currents off central west coast and southwest coast of India.4.Seasonal cycle off Kollam is often punctuated by strong intraseasonal bursts. © 2021, Indian Academy of Sciences.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetJournal of Earth System Science
PublisherData powered by TypesetSpringer
ISSN23474327