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Nod factor-independent ‘crack-entry’ symbiosis in dalbergoid legume Arachis hypogaea

Sohini Guha, Firoz Molla, Monolina Sarkar, Fernando Ibanez, Adriana Fabra,
Published in John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Dalbergoids are typified by crack-entry symbiosis which is evidenced to be Nod Factor (NF)-independent in several Aeschynomene legumes. Natural symbionts of the dalbergoid legume Arachis hypogaea are always NF-producing, prompting us to check whether symbiosis in this legume could also be NF-independent. For this, we followed the symbiosis with two NF-containing bradyrhizobial strains – SEMIA6144, a natural symbiont of Arachis and ORS285, a versatile nodulator of Aeschynomene legumes, along with their corresponding nodulation (nod) mutants. Additionally, we investigated NF-deficient bradyrhizobia like BTAi1, a natural symbiont of Aeschynomene indica and the WBOS strains that were natural endophytes of Oryza sativa, collected from an Arachis-Oryza intercropped field. While SEMIA6144$\Delta$nodC was non-nodulating, both ORS285 and ORS285$\Delta$nodB could induce functional nodulation, although with lower efficiency than SEMIA6144. On the other hand, all the NF-deficient strains – BTAi1, WBOS2 and WBOS4 showed comparable nodulation with ORS285 indicating Arachis to harbour an NF-independent mechanism of symbiosis. Intriguingly, symbiosis in Arachis, irrespective of whether it was NF-dependent or independent, was always associated with the curling or branching of the rosette root hairs at the lateral root bases. Thus, despite being predominantly described as an NF-dependent legume, Arachis does retain a vestigial, less-efficient form of NF-independent symbiosis.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetEnvironmental Microbiology
PublisherData powered by TypesetJohn Wiley & Sons, Inc.