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Multiple copies of a novel amphipathic α-helix forming segment in Physcomitrella patens dehydrin play a key role in abiotic stress mitigation
G. Upadhyaya, , C. Basu, T. Agarwal, C. Basak, C. Chakraborty, T. Halder, G. Basu, S. Ray
Published in American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Inc.
PMID: 33781743
Volume: 296
Plants use a diverse set of proteins to mitigate various abiotic stresses. The intrinsically disordered protein dehydrin is an important member of this repertoire of proteins, characterized by a canonical amphipathic K-segment. It can also contain other stress-mitigating noncanonical segments-a likely reflection of the extremely diverse nature of abiotic stress encountered by plants. Among plants, the poikilohydric mosses have no inbuilt mechanism to prevent desiccation and therefore are likely to contain unique noncanonical stress-responsive motifs in their dehydrins. Here we report the recurring occurrence of a novel amphipathic helix-forming segment (D-segment: EGuuD(R/K)AKDAu, where u represents a hydrophobic residue) in Physcomitrella patens dehydrin (PpDHNA), a poikilohydric moss. NMR and CD spectroscopic experiments demonstrated the helix-forming tendency of the D-segment, with the shuffled D-segment as control. PpDHNA activity was shown to be size as well as D-segment dependent from in vitro, in vivo, and in planta studies using PpDHNA and various deletion mutants. Bimolecular fluorescence complementation studies showed that D-segment-mediated PpDHNA self-association is a requirement for stress abatement. The D-segment was also found to occur in two rehydrin proteins from Syntrichia ruralis, another poikilohydric plant like P. patens. Multiple occurrences of the D-segment in poikilohydric plant dehydrins/rehydrins, along with the experimental demonstration of the role of D-segment in stress abatement, implies that the D-segment mediates unique resurrection strategies, which may be employed by plant dehydrins that are capable of mitigating extreme stress. © 2021 THE AUTHORS. Published by Elsevier Inc on behalf of American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
About the journal
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
PublisherAmerican Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Inc.