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Morpho-histological characterization and direct shoot organogenesis in two types of explants from Bacopa monnieri on unsupplemented basal medium
Published in Springer Netherlands
Volume: 130
Issue: 2
Pages: 435 - 441
In the present study, high frequency regeneration has been obtained via de novo direct shoot organogenesis from leaf and internode explants in Murashige and Skoog (MS) basal medium without any phytohormone supplementation in Bacopa monnieri, an indigenous traditionally used medicinal herb. Leaves and internodes from different positions were excised from 4-weeks-old in vitro propagated B. monnieri plants and cultured on MS basal medium supplemented with 3% (w/v) sucrose and 0.75% (w/v) agar for 4 weeks. The induction of de novo shoot buds was observed at petiolar cut edges of leaf and both proximal and distal cut ends of internode explants within 10–15 days of culture. The first histological changes could be observed after 4–5 days, with meristematic activity of vascular bundles. Proliferation of epidermal cells gave rise to dome-shaped protuberances followed by shoot apical meristems formation and their vascular connections with explant tissues within 2 weeks of culture. However, a basipetal gradient of shoot regeneration from both types of explants collected along the branch axis was noticed after 4 weeks of culture. Leaf and internode explants near the basal region exhibited significantly higher number of shoot buds and micro shoots (8.8/leaf explant and 15/internode explant). Microshoots (7–12 micro shoots/leaf or internode explants) elongated (shoot length 8–9 cm) within 8 weeks on phytohormone free MS medium. Excised micro shoots rooted (100%) in hormone free MS medium within two weeks of culture. Rooted plants were then acclimatized and transferred to field with 95% survival. This protocol may be used for micropropagation, genetic transformation as well as a model system for evaluation of changes associated with acquisition of competence of differentiated cells in phytohormone free medium. © 2017, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetPlant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture
PublisherData powered by TypesetSpringer Netherlands