Microstrip patches and dielectric resonators (DRs) are two low-profile variants of modern microwave and wireless antennas. However, the DR antenna (DRA) is relatively new and still passing through the stages of development. Both variants are quite similar in terms of performance and characteristics. This article focuses on a meaningful comparative study where we have considered all commonly used feed mechanisms such as coaxial probe, microstrip line, and rectangular aperture for both antennas operating near the same frequency. Circular geometry, i.e., cylindrical DRA (CDRA) and circular microstrip patch antenna (CMPA), have been chosen, and a systematic investigation based on thorough experiments has been executed. Multiple sets of prototypes have been fabricated and measured at 4 GHz. All available data have been furnished and compared, indicating relative advantages and disadvantages. This comparative study should provide qualitative and quantitative instructions to a designer for choosing the right element and corresponding feed based on design requirement and feasibility. © 2016 IEEE.