Background: Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are known to impact on tumour behaviour, but the mechanisms controlling this are poorly understood. Methods: Breast normal fibroblasts (NFs) or CAFs were isolated from cancers by laser microdissection or were cultured. Fibroblasts were transfected to manipulate miR-222 or Lamin B receptor (LBR). The fibroblast-conditioned medium was collected and used to treat epithelial BC lines MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-157. Migration, invasion, proliferation or senescence was assessed using transwell, MTT or X-gal assays, respectively. Results: MiR-222 was upregulated in CAFs as compared with NFs. Ectopic miR-222 expression in NFs induced CAF-like expression profiles, while miR-222 knockdown in CAFs inhibited CAF phenotypes. LBR was identified as a direct miR-222 target, and was functionally relevant since LBR knockdown phenocopied miR-222 overexpression and LBR overexpression phenocopied miR-222 knockdown. MiR-222 overexpression, or LBR knockdown, was sufficient to induce NFs to show the CAF characteristics of enhanced migration, invasion and senescence, and furthermore, the conditioned medium from these fibroblasts induced increased BC cell migration and invasion. The reverse manipulations in CAFs inhibited these behaviours in fibroblasts, and inhibited paracrine influences on BC cells. Conclusion: MiR-222/LBR have key roles in controlling pro-progression influences of CAFs in BC. This pathway may present therapeutic opportunities to inhibit CAF-induced cancer progression. © 2019, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Cancer Research UK.