The aim of the present work was to analyze metabolic diversity in 26 different indica varieties of rice grains. Seventy-six metabolites could be identified in the methanol extracts of each of the rice varieties analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. These metabolites included 9 sugars/sugar alcohols, 17 amino acids/derivatives, 18 fatty acids, 5 free phenolic acids and 19 other organic acids, 3 phytosterols, 5 other constituents. Cluster analyses to extract information for similarity and differences in metabolites unveiled diversity in metabolite profile. Two hierarchical clusters were generated based on the metabolite contents of the rice varieties. The first cluster (cluster I) consisted of one variety only. The second cluster again segregated into four clusters (clusters II, III, IV and V). Very distinct differences were visible amongst the clusters with respect to their sugars/sugar alcohols, organic acid, amino acid and fatty acid, phenol, and sterol profiles. Metabolites determine nutritional quality, taste, aroma. This and future efforts on the metabolomic information would help biochemists and nutritionists to better understand the nutritional quality of such grains at varietal level and correlating metabolites and long term human health related issues. © 2014 Académie des sciences.