Jasmonate ZIM domain (JAZ) proteins are the key negative regulators of jasmonate signaling, an important integrator of plant–microbe relationships. Versatility of jasmonate signaling outcomes are maintained through the multiplicity of JAZ proteins and their definitive functionalities. How jasmonate signaling influences the legume-Rhizobium symbiotic relationship is still unclear. In Arachis hypogaea (peanut), a legume plant, one JAZ sub-family (JAZ1) gene and one TIFY sequence containing protein family member (TIFY8) gene show enhanced expression in the early stage and late stage of root nodule symbiosis (RNS) respectively. In plants, JAZ sub-family proteins belong to a larger TIFY family. Here, this study denotes the first attempt to reveal in planta interactions of downstream jasmonate signaling regulators through proteomics and mass spectrometry to find out the mode of jasmonate signaling participation in the RNS process of A. hypogaea. From 4-day old Bradyrhizobium-infected peanut roots, the JAZ1-protein complex shows its contribution towards the rhizobial entry, nodule development, autoregulation of nodulation and photo-morphogenesis during the early stage of symbiosis. From 30-day old Bradyrhizobium infected roots, the TIFY8-protein complex reveals repressor functionality of TIFY8, suppression of root jasmonate signaling, modulation of root circadian rhythm and nodule development. Cellular localization and expression level of the interaction partners during the nodulation process further substantiate the in planta interaction pairs. This study provides a comprehensive insight into the jasmonate functionality in RNS through modulation of nodule number and development, during the early stage and root circadian rhythm during the late stage of nodulation, through the protein complexes of JAZ1 and TIFY8 respectively in A. hypogaea. © 2021, The Botanical Society of Japan.