Intraspecific strains of Pythium aphanidermatum induced resistance in ginger against rhizome rot and activated biosynthesis of selected host proteins. Pre-inoculation of plants with IR strain (avirulent) or co-inoculation with SR2 (virulent) caused significant reduction in disease severity. Analysis of protein profiles of ginger leaves of inoculated and non-inoculated plants by SDS-PAGE and Image Master VDS-ID Gel Analysis version : 3.0 revealed that some specific defence proteins/stress proteins increased in inoculated plants. Five such proteins having molecular weight 56, 32, 27, 18 and 14 kDa were detected in leaves of plant treated with IR + SR2 strains. On the contrary, mycelial protein profiles and submerged growth of strains were studied separately and together. Mycelia of IR, SR2 and IR + SR 2 exhibited 26, 23 and 25 protein bands, respectively although, 21 bands were common between IR and SR2. Growth of SR2 in synthetic medium was much higher than that of IR, but the growth of two strains together was lower than SR2 alone. To characterise strains, their differential growth response to DL-β-aminobutyric acid (BABA), a known defence activator of ginger was also tested. Results suggested that at least 5 specific defence proteins/stress proteins were involved in microbially induced resistance in ginger and inducer strains were distinct in their specific protein profiles and sensitivity to BABA.