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Insights into the ameliorative effect of oleic acid in rejuvenating phenylhydrazine induced oxidative stress mediated morpho-functionally dismantled erythrocytes
A. Banerjee, T. Dey, A.K. Ghosh, S. Mishra, , A. Chattopadhyay
Published in Elsevier Inc.
2020
Volume: 7
   
Pages: 1551 - 1563
Abstract
Phenylhydrazine (PHZ), an intermediate in the synthesis of fine chemicals is toxic for human health and environment. Despite of having severe detrimental effects on different physiological systems, exposure of erythrocytes to PHZ cause destruction of haemoglobin and membrane proteins leading to iron release and complete haemolysis of red blood cells (RBC). Involvement of oxidative stress behind such action triggers the urge for searching a potent antioxidant. The benefits of consuming olive oil is attributed to its 75% oleic acid (OA) content in average. Olive oil is the basic component of Mediterranean diet. Hence, OA has been chosen in our present in vitro study to explore its efficacy against PHZ (1 mM) induced alterations in erythrocytes. Four different concentrations of OA (0.01 nM, 0.02 nM, 0.04 nM and 0.06 nM) were primarily experimented with, among which 0.06 nM OA has shown to give maximal protection. This study demonstrates the capability of OA in preserving the morphology, intracellular antioxidant status and the activities of metabolic enzymes of RBCs that have been diminished by PHZ, through its antioxidant mechanisms. The results of the present study firmly establish OA as a promising antioxidant for conserving the health of erythrocyte from PHZ toxicity which indicate toward future possible use of OA either singly or in combination with other dietary components for protection of erythrocytes against PHZ induced toxic cellular changes. © 2020 The Authors
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetToxicology Reports
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier Inc.
ISSN22147500