In search of genetic alterations responsible for high fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) phenotypes in the population of eastern India, 91 probands were screened for four polymorphisms by sequencing and/or restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis. These are the A>G allele on the rs4895441 locus in the intergenic region between HBS1L and MYB on chromosome 6, the G>A allele on the rs4671393 locus on chromosome 2 (BCL11A gene), the A>C allele on the rs2071348 (HBBP1 gene) and the XmnI polymorphism (rs7482144, -158 position of HBG2) on chromosome 11. We found a significant association (p = 0.002 and 0.0013) of Hb F levels with rs2071348 and rs4895441, respectively. However, the polymorphism rs4671393 gene did not show significant association with Hb F levels (p = 0.0655). As is well known, the XmnI polymorphism (p <0.0001) showed the strongest association. © 2012 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.