Callus cultures were established from stem explants of Ruscus hypophyllum on a modified basal medium of Murashige and Skoog (1962) supplemented with 1 mg l-1 2,4-D+0.1 mg l-1 BAP. The optimal 2,4-D concentration for promoting shoot bud formation and growth was 0.05 mg l-1 along with 0.5 mg l-1 BAP. Sixty percent of rootless shoots produced flowers on the regenerating medium. Rooting was induced when shoots were transferred to half strength MS inorganic salts supplemented with 2 mg l-1 IBA. Eighty percent of plants transferred to soil have survived. © 1985 Martinus Nijhoff/Dr W. Junk Publishers.