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Immunobiological studies on experimental visceral leishmaniasis. II. Adherent cell‐mediated down‐regulation of delayed‐type hypersensitivity response and up‐regulation of B cell activation
Published in -
Volume: 22
Issue: 8
Pages: 2041 - 2045
Visceral leishmaniasis or kala‐azar is characterized by a variety of immunopathological consequences in man. The most remarkable of these are the depression of cell‐mediated immunity and polyclonal B cell activation. The consequences observed in man could be induced in a murine model by inoculating the causative agent, Leishmania donovani. The cell‐mediated response was studied in this murine model in terms of the delayed‐type hypersensitivity (DTH) response toward leishmania antigen in a progressive infection. BALB/b (H‐2b) mice showed progressive enhancement in the DTH response, whereas BALB/c (H‐2d) mice showed strong DTH at the onset which gradually disappeared (defined as DTH‐negative phase) and reappeared again at the later stage of infection. Adoptive transfer of enriched populations of splenic T cells from infected BALB/c mice together with parasite antigen into the footpad of syngenic normal recipients produced a dramatic enhancement in the DTH response, except at the onset of the DTH‐negative phase. These observations indicate that adherent cells have a role in suppression of the cell‐mediated immune response and also that another mechanism operates at the onset of the DTH‐negative phase. This DTH‐negative phase was not caused by depletion of DTH‐mediating cells from the repertoire, but rather by suppression mediated by a subset of T cell evolved in the course of infection. Characterization on the basis of lymphokine production of the T cells mediating the DTH response and of T cells mediating suppression of the DTH response showed them to be of Th1 and Th2 type, respectively. Studies also indicated that at the onset and the later stages of infection suppression was mediated by adherent cells, but at the onset of DTH‐negative phase, in particular, suppression was mediated by Th2 cells. Furthermore, experiments also showed that adherent cells from infected mice gained another property, that of driving B cells, in a T cell‐dependent manner. Copyright © 1992 WILEY‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
About the journal
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology