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Genome-scale molecular principles of mRNA half-life regulation in yeast
S. Basu, S. Mallik, S. Hait,
Published in Blackwell Publishing Ltd
PMID: 33319437
Volume: 288
Issue: 11
Pages: 3428 - 3447
Precise control of protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) degradation is essential for cellular metabolism and homeostasis. Controlled and specific degradation of both molecular species necessitates their engagements with the respective degradation machineries; this engagement involves a disordered/unstructured segment of the substrate traversing the degradation tunnel of the machinery and accessing the catalytic sites. However, while molecular factors influencing protein degradation have been extensively explored on a genome scale, and in multiple organisms, such a comprehensive understanding remains missing for mRNAs. Here, we analyzed multiple genome-scale experimental yeast mRNA half-life data in light of experimentally derived mRNA secondary structures and protein binding data, along with high-resolution X-ray crystallographic structures of the RNase machines. Results unraveled a consistent genome-scale trend that mRNAs comprising longer terminal and/or internal unstructured segments have significantly shorter half-lives; the lengths of the 5′-terminal, 3′-terminal, and internal unstructured segments that affect mRNA half-life are compatible with molecular structures of the 5′ exo-, 3′ exo-, and endoribonuclease machineries. Sequestration into ribonucleoprotein complexes elongates mRNA half-life, presumably by burying ribonuclease engagement sites under oligomeric interfaces. After gene duplication, differences in terminal unstructured lengths, proportions of internal unstructured segments, and oligomerization modes result in significantly altered half-lives of paralogous mRNAs. Side-by-side comparison of molecular principles underlying controlled protein and mRNA degradation in yeast unravels their remarkable mechanistic similarities and suggests how the intrinsic structural features of the two molecular species, at two different levels of the central dogma, regulate their half-lives on genome scale. © 2020 Federation of European Biochemical Societies
About the journal
JournalFEBS Journal
PublisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd