A total number of 24 planktonic Euglenophyte taxa were recorded from East Kolkata Wetlands (EKW), a eutrophic ecosystem of Ramsar site. An illustrated taxonomic account of freshwater Euglenoids is represented in the present communication after a two year long survey (January 2012 to January 2014). Among the 24 taxa, 21 of them were recorded for the first time from this site. Scanning Electron Microscopic (SEM) investigation on morphometry of major identified taxa was also carried out for detailed study. The population included a number of genera comprising different numbers of species viz. Euglena sp. (5), Euglenaformis sp. (1), Trachelomonas sp. (1), Rhahdomonas sp. (1), Euglenaria sp. (1), Cryptoglena sp. (1), Monomorphina sp. (2), Lepocinclis sp. (3), Phacus sp. (8) and Peranemopsis sp. (1).