Recent researches have used geographically weighted variables calculated for two tree species, Cryptomeria japonica (Sugi, or Japanese Cedar) and Chamaecyparis obtusa (Hinoki, or Japanese Cypress) to classify the two species and one mixed forest class. In machine learning context it has been found to be difficult to predict that a pixel belongs to a specific class in a heterogeneous landscape image, especially in forest images, as ground features of nearly located pixel of different classes have very similar spectral characteristics. In the present work the authors have proposed a GA trained Neural Network classifier to tackle the task. The local search based traditional weight optimization algorithms may get trapped in local optima and may be poor in training the network. NN trained with GA (NN-GA) overcomes the problem by gradually optimizing the input weight vector of the NN. The performance of NN-GA has been compared with NN, SVM and Random Forest classifiers in terms of performance measures like accuracy, precision, recall, F-Measure and Kappa Statistic. The results have been found to be satisfactory and a reasonable improvement has been made over the existing performances in the literature by using NN-GA. © Springer India 2016.