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Exploring two contrasting surface-active exopolysaccharides from a single strain of Ochrobactrum utilizing different hydrocarbon substrates
Published in NLM (Medline)
PMID: 31232462
Volume: 59
Issue: 8
Pages: 820 - 833

During production and characterization of exopolysaccharides (EPS) of Ochrobactrum pseudintermedium C1, it was observed that an experimental change in the basic hydrocarbon type of substrate for bacterial utilization led to elicitation of different surface-active properties in the EPS produced. In the sugar substrate, it elicited surfactant property, while in oil substrates it elicited emulsifying property, which indicated that the EPS might be different. Consequently, attention was focused on a detailed analysis of this substrate-specific EPS. Utilizing waste sugar, edible, and mineral oil substrates, EPS produced in each situation was characterized. Besides estimating surface activity and thermostability, each substrate-specific EPS was analyzed by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy, 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance, and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization—time of flight mass spectroscopy to find any structural difference. The results were significantly contrasting although the similarity in molecular mass suggested a basic similarity in polysaccharide structure. Morphological differences were also evident both macroscopically and microscopically with scanning electron microscopy. As the surface-active property of EPS was dependent on the substrate utilized, their structural differences might account for it. These diverse surface activities of EPS produced by a single bacterial strain simply by changing the nature of substrate would also augment their bioapplications. Moreover, utilization of waste and easily available substrates should make such applications convenient, ecofriendly, and cost-worthy. © 2019 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

About the journal
JournalJournal of basic microbiology
PublisherNLM (Medline)
Open AccessNo