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Effects of ZnO nanoparticles in plants: Cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, deregulation of antioxidant defenses, and cell-cycle arrest
M GHOSH, A JANA, Ghosh M, S SINHA, Jana A, M JOTHIRAMAJAYAM, Sinha S, A NAG, Jothiramajayam M, A CHAKRABORTYShow More
Published in Elsevier B.V.
PMID: 27542712
Volume: 807
Pages: 25 - 32

Cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, and biochemical effects were evaluated in the plants Allium cepa, Nicotiana tabacum, and Vicia faba following exposure to ZnO nanoparticles (np; diameter, ∼85 nm). In the root meristems of Allium cepa cells, we observed loss of membrane integrity, increased chromosome aberrations, micronucleus formation, DNA strand breaks, and cell-cycle arrest at the G2/M checkpoint. In Vicia faba and Nicotiana tabacum, we observed increased intracellular ROS production, lipid peroxidation, and activities of some antioxidant enzymes. TEM images revealed gross morphological alterations and internalization of the np. Our findings provide evidence of ZnO np toxicity, characterized by deregulation of components of ROS-antioxidant machinery, leading to DNA damage, cell-cycle arrest, and cell death. These plants, especially Allium cepa, are reliable systems for assessment of np toxicology. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.

About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetMutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier B.V.