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Effect of Yb2O3 and TiO2 on reaction sintering and properties of magnesium aluminate spinel
S. Sinhamahapatra, C. Ghosh, H.S. Tripathi,
Published in Elsevier Ltd
Magnesium aluminate spinel with an initial MgO: Al2O3 molar ratio of 2:1 was prepared from its constituent oxides through a solid-state sintering process at temperatures ranging from 1550 to 1700 °C in a normal air atmosphere. The effect of varying amount (0.25–1.0 wt%) of TiO2 and Yb2O3 on densification, phase assemblage, mechanical, thermo-mechanical properties and microstructure of magnesia-rich spinel were investigated under static heating condition. The addition of TiO2 and Yb2O3 favours the densification of magnesia-rich spinel, which is discernible up to 1650 °C. This beneficial effect may be attributed to the development of the secondary phase and formation of solid solution due to the dissolution of the additive ions in the spinel structure. A marginal increase in the average grain size of the samples along with a narrower grain size distribution occurred with the incorporation of both the additives. Both the additives improved the mechanical properties of the magnesia-rich spinel; however, better room temperature flexural strength was achieved with Yb2O3 as compared to TiO2 addition. For the samples sintered at 1550 °C, 1.0 wt% Yb2O3 addition resulted in 30% increase in flexural strength; however, same amount of TiO2 addition increased the strength by 20%. In case of thermal shock resistance, 1.0 wt% TiO2 and 0.25 wt% Yb2O3 addition demonstrated promising result among all the samples. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetCeramics International
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier Ltd