The profiles of rain microstructures have been investigated for different types of precipitation using microrain radar observations at a tropical location Kolkata (22.57° N, 88.37° E). A prominent dip in radar reflectivity ( Z ) profile has been observed near the boundary layer at high rain rates. This phenomenon is due to the break-up of raindrops into smaller sizes at around 2 km height during intense convective events. The boundary layer dynamics decides the dominance of one of the two processes, namely, coalescence and break-up of rain drops, and determines the drop size distribution profile near the boundary layer. A sharp gradient of vertical velocity at 1-2 km heights is responsible for enhanced drop break-up resulting in an increase in the small drop number density. © 2004-2012 IEEE.