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Differential responses of photosynthetic parameters and its influence on carbohydrate metabolism in some contrasting rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes under arsenate stress
B. Majumder, , S. Biswas, A. Mazumdar, A.K. Biswas
Published in Springer
PMID: 32594380
Volume: 29
Issue: 7
Pages: 912 - 931
Influence of arsenic (As) in As tolerant and sensitive rice genotypes based chloroplastic pigments, leaf gas exchange attributes and their influence on carbohydrate metabolism were investigated in the present study. As retards growth of crop plants and increase several health ailments by contaminating food chain. Photosynthetic inhibition is known to be the prime target of As toxicity due to over-production of ROS. Hydroponically grown rice seedlings of twelve cultivars were exposed to 25, 50, and 75 μM arsenate (AsV) that exerted negative impact on plastidial pigments content and resulted into inhibition of Hill activity. Internal CO2 concentration lowered gradually due to interference of As with stomatal conductance and transpiration rate that subsequently led to drop in net photosynthesis. Twelve contrasting rice genotypes responded differentially to As(V) stress. Present study evaluated As tolerant and sensitive rice cultivars with respect to As(V) imposed alterations in pigments content, photosynthetic attributes along with sugar metabolism. Starch contents, the principle carbohydrate storage declined differentially among As(V) stressed test cultivars, being more pronounced in cvs. Swarnadhan, Tulaipanji, Pusa basmati, Badshabhog, Tulsibhog and IR-20 compared to cvs. Bhutmuri, Kumargore, Binni, Vijaya, TN-1 and IR-64. Therefore, the six former cultivars tried to adapt defensive mechanisms by accumulating higher levels of reducing and non-reducing sugars to carry out basal metabolism to withstand As(V) induced alterations in photosynthesis. This study could help to screen As tolerant and sensitive rice genotypes based on their photosynthetic efficiency in As polluted agricultural fields to reduce As contamination assisted ecotoxicological risk. © 2020, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.
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