The ontogeny of hexokinase, phosphofructokinase, phosphoglucoisornerase, aldolase, pyruvate kinase and lactate dehydrogenase activities which are associated with glycolysis, an important energy yielding process, has been studied in human fetal heart for periods ranging from 13 weeks to above 33 weeks of gestation. Hexokinase, phosphoglucoisomerase and pyruvate kinase activities show similar developmental profiles exhibiting maximum activity at 25-28 weeks ofgestation. Phosphofructokinase activity, on the other hand, shows a minimum at this period and exhibits a peak value at early stages (13-16 weeks of gestation). Though considerable activity for aldolase is observed at an early period, it declines thereafter, but again increases in the later period. The probable role and correlations of these glycolytic enzymes with energy demand and general functional development in human fetal heart in ontogeny are evaluated. © 1985 Indian Academy of Sciences.