The ability of Sumicidin, a synthetic pyrethroid, to induce cytotoxicity in Swiss albino mice was evaluated before completion of the first cell division following oral exposure. Mice were administered orally different concentrations (32.50, 75 and 150 mg/kg body wt) of Sumicidin in a single dose. Mitotic index and chromosomal aberrations were screened after 6, 12 and 24 h following exposure. The frequency of dividing cells decreased significantly, indicating mitostatic action. The frequency of chromosomal aberrations was directly related to the concentrations used and the duration after exposure, and was significant at all concentrations. The highest frequency of aberrations was observed 24 h after exposure.