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Comparative study of functional response of common hemipteran bugs of east calcutta wetlands, India
Volume: 92
Issue: 3
Pages: 242 - 257
The common and abundant hemipteran water bugs Anisops bouvieri, Diplonychus rusticus, O. annulatus, of the wetlands of East Kolkata are known predators of a wide range of aquatic insects including the mosquito larvae. In the laboratory their predation were assessed in respect to short term and long term periods using the larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus to reveal their possible role in regulating the dipteran population in nature. The attack rate (a) and handling time (Th) of these predators varied with respect to the prey size. For the backswimmers A. bouvieri the values for a and Th for the small prey were 5.47 L and 18.72 min respectively, while in case of the belostomatid bugs, the values for the same were 5.37 L and 8.64 min (for D. rusticus), 5.81 L and 20.16 min (for D. annulatus). The predation rate varied with prey and predator densities for both the prey sizes. It was revealed that on an average A. bouvieri can kill and consume 10-82 and 6-44, D. rusticus 10-118 and 10-84 and D. annulatus 10-70 and 10-138 small and large sized prey per day, respectively. However the mutual interference (m) values of the three predators varied with the prey size and ranged between 0.053-0.326 for A. bouvieri, 0.0381-0.066 for D. rusticus and 0.0556-0.115 for D. annulatus, respectively. In the long term experiments A. bouvieri killed between 6 -119 small preys and 3-31 large preys, D. rusticus killed 50-94 small preys and 50-96 large preys and D. annulatum were found to kill between 14-74 small prey and 50-131 large prey per day, respectively. The clearance rates were found to be proportional to the predator density as well to the prey size and density, and differed between the predator species significantly. These data are supportive of qualifying the water bugs, A. bouvieri, D. rusticus, and D. annulatus as potential biological resources in regulating the population of mosquito larvae in the wetlands. © 2007 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetInternational Review of Hydrobiology
PublisherData powered by TypesetWILEY-BLACKWELL
Open AccessNo