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Characterizing Indian meteorological moisture anomaly condition using long-term (1901–2013) gridded data: a multivariate moisture anomaly index approach
Published in John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Volume: 38
Pages: e144 - e159
The long-term (1901–2013) gridded rainfall and potential evapotranspiration (PET) data were utilized to develop a new index, multivariate moisture anomaly index (MMAI), for characterizing the meteorological moisture anomaly condition during monsoon season over Indian region. The 6-month timescale standardized precipitation index (SPI) and standardized evapotranspiration index (SEI) were computed using time series rainfall and PET data using gamma and log-logistic distribution, respectively. The long-term seasonal SPI and SEI were converted into moisture anomaly magnitude and duration information, and their trends were analysed using Sen's slope and Mann–Kendall test, respectively. The standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index (SPEI) at 6-month timescale was also analysed to find the impact of rainfall and PET on meteorological moisture anomaly. Both the trends and probability analysis showed that SPEI was mainly representing the trends and pattern of SPI only and was unable to capture the impact of PET. The MMAI was developed by fitting the time series SPI and SEI information into different joint probability distribution and by adapting the best model for each grid. The new index was able to consider the impact of both rainfall and PET. Based on the MMAI trend analysis, it was found that the overall moisture anomaly was decreasing in northwest (NW) India, whereas it was increasing in northeast (NE), central and peninsular India. The trends analysis of SPI and SEI depicted that in NW India the significant decrease in moisture anomaly may be due to both increase in rainfall and decrease in PET, whereas in NE India the significant increase in moisture anomaly may be due to both increase in PET and decrease in rainfall. In eastern and Gujarat coast the increase in moisture anomaly may be attributed to increase in PET whereas the significant increase in rainfall might lead to reduced moisture anomaly over western coast. © 2017 Royal Meteorological Society
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetInternational Journal of Climatology
PublisherData powered by TypesetJohn Wiley and Sons Ltd
Open AccessNo