The effect of vestibulo-cerebellar lesion and its stimulation by rotation on gastric and duodenal peroxidase activity of rats was studied. Vestibulocerebellar lesion by kainic acid produced gastroduodenal ulceration and peroxidase activity of these tissues were decreased. Mucosal thickness of gastric and duodenal tissue were also decreased. It was observed that when vestibulo-cerebellar lesioned rats were subjected to vestibular stimulation, the peroxidase activity was increased together with increased mucosal thickness of gastric and duodenal tissue. At the same time, it was noted that the severity of ulceration was decreased. We conclude that the study of peroxidase activity is a sensitive and potentially useful estimate of gastric and duodenal injury produced by cerebellar lesion that can be valuable in assessing ulcerogenesis and healing.