Transcription in 9A–11A aneuploid mosaic female larvae of Drosophila melanogaster has been assessed autoradiographically. Eleven larvae were found to exhibit mosaicism out of sixty-six larvae scanned and the percentage of XO and XX nuclei varied from approximately 9 to 100. Irrespective of the number of XX nuclei present the XO nuclei (duplicated for 9A–11A) invariably showed hyperactivity for both the segments. The XX nucleus exhibited a dosage effect for all the three segments of 9A–11A. Results support the transcriptional constancy of the entire X chromosome, as proposed by Maroni and Lucchesi. Cellular autonomy of hyperactivity of the single X chromosome even at the level of segments of the X is thus evident from the present results. © 1985, Cambridge University Press. All rights reserved.