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Bivalve haemocyte adhesion, aggregation and phagocytosis: A tool to reckon arsenic induced threats to freshwater ecosystem
S. Chakraborty, M. Ray,
Published in Academic Press
PMID: 33979692
Volume: 114
Pages: 229 - 237
The freshwater aquifers of the Indo-Gangetic plains support rich biodiversity which is under the threat of arsenic contamination. The filter feeding bivalve mollusc Lamellidens marginalis is a sessile and sentinel resident of these freshwater habitats. In the present study, the classical cell behaviours of adhesion and aggregation were monitored in the circulating haemocytes of the freshwater bivalve under the exposure of sodium arsenite (NaAsO2) at sublethal concentrations in controlled laboratory conditions for a maximum time-span of sixteen days. The toxic metalloid significantly inhibited non-self adhesion, inter-haemocyte interactions and haemocyte aggregation in a dose and time dependent manner. The natural occurrence of the filopods on the haemocytes was significantly diminished in the bivalves exposed to the inorganic arsenite. Moreover, a significant fall in the kinetics of phagocytosis index and haemocyte adhesion was observed under the in vitro exposure to NaAsO2. Compromised non-self adhesion, cell-cell aggregation and phagocytosis of non-self particles by the bivalve haemocytes probably indicate susceptible immunological status of the bivalve. Such vulnerable immunity of the bivalve probably signifies the nature of imminent threat to the freshwater ecosystem as a whole under inorganic arsenite exposure. The findings would be helpful to design bivalve haemocyte based inexpensive biomonitoring tool to assess the health of freshwater ecosystem under potential arsenic threat. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd
About the journal
JournalFish and Shellfish Immunology
PublisherAcademic Press