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Attenuation of arsenic induced high fat diet exacerbated oxidative stress mediated hepatic and cardiac injuries in male Wistar rats by piperine involved antioxidative mechanisms
T. Dey, A. Ghosh, S. Mishra, P.K. Pal, A. Chattopadhyay, S.K. Pattari,
Published in Elsevier Ltd
2020
PMID: 32525072
Volume: 142
   
Abstract
The current study explored the efficacy of piperine in attenuating arsenic induced high fat diet aggravated oxidative stress mediated injury in hepatic and cardiac tissues of male Wistar rats. Oral administration of piperine significantly (p < 0.05) reduced the levels of organ specific and oxidative stress biomarkers in arsenic and high fat diet treated rat hepatic and cardiac tissues in a dose dependant manner with the dose of 60 mg/kg b.w. exhibiting maximum protection. Arsenic induced high fat diet aggravated oxidative stress mediated damages in liver and heart tissues led to decreased activities of antioxidant enzymes, ROS generation, diminished activities of Krebs’ cycle and respiratory chain enzymes, collapsed mitochondrial membrane potential, mitochondrial DNA damage along with altered lipid metabolism and inflammatory cytokine levels. Histochemical and histopathological studies supported the above findings. Piperine efficiently counteracted the arsenic induced high fat diet aggravated oxidative stress mediated damages by modulating antioxidant defense mechanism along with free radical quenching ability. These findings indicate that piperine protected the arsenic induced high fat diet aggravated hepatic and cardiac injuries which underline the importance of piperine in providing a possible therapeutic regime for the amelioration of arsenic-induced high fat diet aggravated oxidative stress mediated organ damages. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetFood and Chemical Toxicology
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier Ltd
ISSN02786915