Some anomalous TV receptions in India on band I have been interpreted as being propagated via F-layer artificially modified by high power broadcast transmitters. In this paper, the possibility of VHF communication by artificially modified E-layer is discussed. The presented theoretical analysis shows that high-power broadcast trasmitters can produce substantial changes in temperature and ionisation in the E-layer. The rate of energy transfer from the wave to the medium particles has also been computed. Model calculations are made for a transmitter located near Calcutta. The possibility of the extra-ionisation producing field-aligned structures to support VHF communication is discussed. © 1990 Birkhäuser Verlag.