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Air agitated tapered bubble column adsorber for hazardous dye (crystal violet) removal onto activated (ZnCl2) carbon prepared from bamboo leaves
S K GHOSH, A K HAJRA,
Published in Elsevier B.V.
2017
Volume: 240
   
Pages: 313 - 321
Abstract
Adsorption of crystal violet, a hazardous dye, from aqueous solution on activated carbon prepared from carbonized bamboo leaves powder with ZnCl2 activation is reported in this article using a novel air agitated tapered bubble column adsorber. The adsorbent prepared was characterized by determining the pHPZC, multipoint BET surface area and pore analyses, SEM analysis and FTIR analysis. The pHPZC of the prepared adsorbent was 6.6. The multipoint BET area measured was 291.3 m2/g. Batch experiments were conducted as functions of initial concentration (50 to 150 mg/L), contact time (1 to 40 min), adsorbent dose (0.2 to 0.9 g/L) and air flow rate (8.75 × 10− 5 to 70.00 × 10− 5 m3/s). The maximum percentage removal observed was 99.99% at equilibrium time of 20 min under optimum conditions. The maximum adsorption capacity observed was 393.16 mg/g. Results followed Freundlich isotherm (amongst seven isotherms examined) and pseudo-second order kinetics with intra-particle diffusion. The observed pressure drop was ranging from 2719 to 2837 N/m2 and the energy dissipation per unit volume of colored liquid was ranging from 82.75 to 634.51 W/m3 in the system studied. Very high removal and adsorption capacity of the prepared adsorbent observed in the novel tapered air agitated bubble column adsorber is the novelty achieved in the present investigation. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetJournal of Molecular Liquids
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier B.V.
ISSN0167-7322
Open AccessNo