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A versatile quinoxaline derivative serves as a colorimetric sensor for strongly acidic pH
R BAG, Y SIKDAR, S SAHU, , A FRONTERA, A BAUZá, M G B DREW,
Published in Royal Society of Chemistry
2018
PMID: 30465572
Volume: 47
   
Issue: 47
Pages: 17077 - 17085
Abstract
A facile and reliable method to monitor strongly acidic pH was developed. The sensing mechanism was found to involve the protonation-deprotonation equilibrium of the synthesized probe HQphy (1) (N-phenyl-N′-quinoxalin-2-ylmethylene-hydrazine) within a working range of pH 0.7-2.7. The eventual sensing of Fe3+ was the outcome of acidity imparted by [Fe(H2O)6]3+ ions in solution during the formation of [Fe(H2O)5(OH)]2+. The protonation-deprotonation phenomenon of HQphy was investigated using 1H NMR and single crystal X-ray diffraction experiments. The protonated probe, H2Qphy+, was crystallized with FeCl4 −/ClO4 − counter anions as [H2Qphy][FeCl4]·H2O (2)/[H2Qphy][ClO4]·H2O (3). A further complex containing the [H2Qphy] cation (4) was also formed. The complexes were characterized by SC-XRD experiments. Moreover, single crystal to single crystal transformation is observed between 1 and 3. In order to understand the sensing mechanism, various analytical studies, such as UV-Vis titration, ESI-MS spectrometry analysis and 1H NMR, were carried out in detail. A theoretical study correlates well with the experimental data, where the π(L) → π*(L) transition of the ligand is red shifted by 100 nm due to protonation of the quinoxaline moiety. The probe enables discrimination of trihalo acetic acid from its mono- and di-analogues. © The Royal Society of Chemistry.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetDalton Transactions
PublisherData powered by TypesetRoyal Society of Chemistry
ISSN1477-9226
Open AccessNo