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A novel cyclic mobile transporter can induce apoptosis by facilitating chloride anion transport into cells
K. Chattopadhyay, G. Kulsi, A. Sannigrahi, S. Mishra, K.D. Saha, , P. Chattopadhyay
Published in American Chemical Society
Volume: 5
Issue: 27
Pages: 16395 - 16405
We report here the preparation of an aminoxy amide-based pseudopeptide-derived building block using furanoid sugar molecules. Through the cyclo-oligomerization reaction, we generate a hybrid triazole/aminoxy amide macrocycle using the as-prepared building block. The novel conformation of the macrocycle has been characterized using NMR and molecular modeling studies, which show a strong resemblance of our synthesized compound to D-,L-α-aminoxy acid-based cyclic peptides that contain uniform backbone chirality. We observe that the macrocycle can efficiently and selectively bind Cl- ion and transport Cl- ion across a lipid bilayer. 1H NMR anion binding studies suggest a coherent relationship between the acidity of aminoxy amide N-H and triazole C-H proton binding strength. Using time-based fluorescence assay, we show that the macrocycle acts as a mobile transporter and follows an antiport mechanism. Our synthesized macrocycle imposes cancer cell death by disrupting ionic homeostasis through Cl- ion transport. The macrocycle induced cytochrome c leakage and changes in mitochondrial membrane potential along with activation of family of caspases, suggesting that the cellular apoptosis occurs through a caspase-dependent intrinsic pathway. The present results suggest the possibility of using the macrocycle as a biological tool of high therapeutic value. © 2020 American Chemical Society.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetACS Omega
PublisherData powered by TypesetAmerican Chemical Society