Clupisoma garua is a freshwater catfish species which is widely distributed in different countries of Indian subcontinent. It is a popular table fish as having good taste and very less intramuscular bones. It is also a popular game fish in India and recently has also made its entry in ornamental fish markets of India. Though C. garua has been documented as vulnerable in India and critically endangered in Bangladesh; due to its abundance and wide spread nature it has been assessed as Least Concern under IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The present report has been prepared to sum up the available information on different aspects of C. garua along with noting down some possible measures that should be taken into consideration for its conservation. © 2016 Iranian Society of Ichthyology.